Breed Highlight: Pomeranian


The Pomeranian, long a favorite of royals and commoners alike, can be the ideal companion. The glorious coat, smiling, foxy face and vivacious personality help make the Pomeranian one of the world’s most popular toy breeds. We will discuss this breed to help you determine if it is ideal for you and your family.

The Pomeranian

Vital Stats of Pomeranians


The following are vital stats of Pomeranians:

  • Dog breed group: Toy
  • Height: 8 to 12 inches at the shoulder
  • Weight: 3 to 7 pounds, sometimes larger
  • Lifespan: 15 years or longer

Physical Characteristics of Pomeranians

This breed has a fox-like and alert expression. The Pomeranian is a small, proportionally square breed that has a distinctive puffy appearance which comes from its thick, soft undercoat and harsh, long outer coat that stands away from its body.

Pomeranians are typically a variation of red, orange, cream, black and sable. They have an up-gazing carriage and thick ruff further enhancing the physical appearance. It also has a curled tail, small ears and an effortless and free gait with good reach and drive.

Care of Pomeranians


The Pomeranian is a small but active breed that requires daily physical stimulation, including short walks or indoor games. Its double coat requires brushing twice a week or more frequently during shedding periods.

In addition, avoid keeping Pomeranians outdoors, as they are very family oriented and small.

Health of Pomeranians

Often times, tiny dogs are prone to big health problems, and the Pomeranian is no exception. Most Pomeranians live long, healthy lives. However, many health problems common to toy dogs can affect this breed. These include the following:

  • collapsed trachea
  • dental problems
  • luxating patellas
  • Legg-Calve Perthes disease
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Tear duct problems
  • Cataracts
  • Patent ductus arteriosus

History of Pomeranians


The Pomeranian takes his name from Pomerania, a region of Northern Europe on the coast of the Baltic Sea. The belief is that this is where the Pomeranian was first bred down to size from larger Spitz breeds. The original Pomeranians weighed 20 to 30 pounds — much larger than the Pomeranian that we know and love today.

Pomeranians became popular in Great Britain after Queen Victoria fell in love with one in 1888 while vacationing in Florence, Italy. She brought a Pomeranian home with her, and the breed’s popularity took off. The first Pomeranian specialty show was at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in 1911 when interest in the breed began in the U.S.

Earlier Pomeranians had foxier faces than the breed of today and were more likely to be white, black, chocolate, cinnamon, brown or cream than the red and orange that commonly see now. This breed is very popular today, ranking 15th among those registered by the American Kennel Club.


For more information on the Pomeranian or other dog breeds, don’t hesitate to contact us here at All Pets Veterinary Medical Center with the link below!

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