Breed Highlight: American Bulldogs

american bulldogs

The American Bulldog is generally taller and leaner than his English Bulldog cousin. He is typically fully of energy and loves his people, but prey animals should beware. We will discuss this breed to help you determine if it is ideal for you and your family.

The American Bulldog

Vital Stats of American Bulldogs

Vital stats of this breed include the following:

  • Dog breed group: Working
  • Height: 22 to 27 inches at withers
  • Weight: 60 to 120 pounds or more
  • Lifespan: 10 to 12 years

Physical Characteristics of American Bulldogs

The American Bulldog has a very sturdy and muscular build with a large head and strong jaws. He has ears that may be cropped, semi-prick, rose or drop.

The coat is short and soft coming in a variety of colors. However, solid black, blue, merle or tri-color are undesirable.

Care for American Bulldogs

american bulldogs

This breed has a short, fine coat which requires minimal grooming and care. However, similarly to the English Bulldog, the American Bulldog has been known to drool and slobber.

Because of the history of this breed as an all-purpose working dog and fearless guard dog, he is a good indoor/outdoor dog. However, the American Bulldog does require sufficient outdoor exercise and activity, particularly if he lives in an apartment setting.

Health of American Bulldogs

The American Bulldog is a fairly healthy breed. However, similar to any other breed, he is prone to specific health problems. Some American Bulldogs are prone to the following:

  • cataracts
  • demodectic mange
  • hypothyroidism
  • hip or elbow dysplasia

Additionally, some dogs may be affected by brachycephalic syndrome and have difficulty dealing with hot weather. American Bulldogs with white or mostly white hair are prone to sunburn and possibly skin cancer. You can help protect him by applying dog-safe sunscreen when they are outdoors for long periods.

History of American Bulldogs

american bulldogs

There is an older version of the Bulldog that originated in England and was used as a work dog to catch cattle and guard property. It became the breed of choice in a brutal sport known as bull baiting. By the end of World War II, the American Bulldog was almost extinct. However, a few devote breeders made the decision to revive the American Bulldog. After the war, John D. Johnson, a returning war veteran, and Alan Scott began carefully breeding American Bulldogs. They kept careful records of the breed’s health and working ability.

During this growth period, two different lines of Bulldogs appeared, but most of today’s American Bulldogs are a cross between the two. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1999.


For more information on the American Bulldog or other dog breeds, don’t hesitate to contact us here at All Pets Veterinary Medical Center with the link below!

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